the Jews of Barcelona converted or fled following the riots
Jacquement de Hesdin paints The Carrying of the Cross
Johann Gutenberg printed the Gutenberg Bible. The first book printed using moveable type.
Christopher Columbus embarked on a journey to make it to the indies by sailing west but accidentally discovered America
Two thousand jews fled to portugal after their expulsion from Spain
John Cabot reached Newfoundland
Michael Servetus discovered the basics of circulation of the blood and published the book The Restoration of Christianity
Michelangelo began sculpting the 18 foot tall statue of David, it took him 3 years to complete the statue
Raphael painted the School of Athens. The painting shows how highly regarded the scholars of ancient greece were during the Renaissance.
Henry VIII became king of England
Thomas Moore wrote Utopia
Huldrych Zwingli a catholic priest in Zurich openly attacked abuses in the Catholic Church. He called for a return to a more personal faith like in early Christianity.
Pope Leo X issued a decree threatening Martin Luthor with excommunication if he did not take back his 95 theses. Luther threw the decree into a fire and so was excommunicated
Holy Roman Emperor Charles V summoned Luther to the town of Worms to stand trial. When Luther refuses to recant his statements, Charles issued the Edict of Worms declaring Luther an outlaw and a heretic
Luther returned to Wittenberg. Where he discovered his ideas were already in practice, they were now a separate religion known as Lutheran
Magellan dies during his circumnavigation around the world when he was killed by hostile natives
Henry VIII called Parliament into session and asked them to end the pope’s power in England. This became known as the Reformation Parliament
1533 Henry VIII, secretly weds Anne Boleyn
Calvin published Institutes of the Christian Religion and sparks Calvinism
The Church established the Roman Inquisition to find and punish heretics
Nicolaus Copernicus ‘De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium’ was published. He proposed that the sun was the center of the solar system, the Church disagreed
Queen Elizabeth I began her reign as queen of England
Parliament followed Elizabeth I and reestablishes the Church of England or the Anglican Church
The council of Trent met and mandated changes to the Catholic Church
Flemish painter Pieter Bruegel’s painted Peasant wedding which portrays a peasant feast.
Russians begin conquest of Siberia
Drake successfully sailed around the world
Pope Paul IV wrote the Index of Forbbiden Books, a list of books dangerous to the Catholic faith.
Gregory James created the first reflecting telescope and wrote Optica Promata